Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) - Instruction is in the students’ native language to enable them to transition into English. The goal is to help students transition to mainstream, English-only classrooms as quickly as possible, and the linguistic goal of such programs is English acquisition only. Students in TBE programs must be taught by certified teachers with a bilingual and/ESL approval who have a near native level of proficiency in the native language spoken by the students.
Transitional Program of Instruction (TPI) - Instruction may be provided in lieu of a TBE program if there are fewer than 20 ELL/LEP students of the same native language enrolled in an attendance center. A TPI must always be made available to any ELL/LEP student if a TBE program is not otherwise available. TPIs may provide a wide range of services. Examples of TPI services include ESL instruction and classroom tutors, aides, and others who serve as a native language resource.
Language Instruction Programs for Limited English Proficient Students (LIP LEPS) - The rules still require that school districts administer a home language survey to determine the languages spoken in the student’s home and the languages spoken by the student. Once a student with a non-English language background is identified, school districts are required to conduct individual language assessments using the screening instruments (W-APT).